Sunday, January 31, 2021

Plasma Arc Recycling


Plasma Arc Recycling article link

An Article from Explain that Stuff

by Chris Woodford

Intro by Sandy Penny:  "Years ago, I was shown an incinerator that would break down any material into its atomic/quark form so it could be reassembled into new products (i.e. a replicator like on Star Trek). There was no waste emission in the process, so it was not released into the air as pollution. Everything was reused. So far, that has not been invented, but we are getting closer, and here's an example of a step toward it ... " 

Humans are machines for turning the world into waste—at least that's how it seems. On average, every single person in the United States produces about 2kg (5lb) of trash per day, which adds to up three-quarters of a ton, per person, each year! What are we to do with all this junk? Recycling is one option, but not everyone does it and there are lots of things (such as electronic circuit boards) made from multiple materials that cannot be easily broken down and turned into new things. That's why much of our waste goes where it's always gone, buried beneath the ground. But we're running out of landfill space too—and that problem is bound to get worse. Another possibility is to incinerate waste, as though it were a fuel, and use it to produce energy, but incinerators are deeply unpopular with local communities because of the air pollution they can produce. A relatively new type of waste treatment called plasma arc recycling (sometimes referred to as "plasma recycling," "plasma gasification," "gas plasma waste treatment," "plasma waste recycling," and various other permutations of the words plasma, gas, arc, waste, and recycling) aims to change all this. It involves heating waste to super-high temperatures to produce gas that can be burned for energy and rocky solid waste that can be used for building. Supporters claim it's a cleaner, greener form of waste treatment, but opponents argue it's simply old-fashioned incineration dressed up in new clothes. What exactly does plasma recycling involve? Let's take a closer look!

Sunday, June 23, 2019

Integrating Solar into our World Through Design

Several Years ago, I started mentioning some technologies for the future that were revealed to me in meditation. One of these was see-through invisible solar panels made from crystals. Here is an amazing TED talk on that very subject. We are progressing quickly now with technology as the hope for our future.

Marian Van Aubel: The Beautiful Future of Solar Power. The colored stain glass panels are awesome.

Transcript available in 14 languages:


The Beautiful Future of Solar Panels

by Marjan Van Aubel

Last summer, I was hiking through the Austrian mountains. And there, on top, I saw this beautiful, stone, remote hut, and it had solar panels on it. And every time I see solar panels, I get very enthusiastic. It's this technology that takes sunlight, which is free and available, and turns that into electricity. So this hut, in the middle of nowhere, on a beautiful location, was self-sufficient. But why do solar panels always have to be so ugly?  (Laughter)

My name is Marjan Van Aubel and I'm a solar designer. I work in the triangle of design, sustainability, and technology. I strive for extreme efficiency, meaning that I develop materials that expand in size or work with solar cells that use the properties of colors to generate electricity. My work is in museums all over the world, such as MoMA. And, I mean, it all went quite well, but it always felt that something was missing.

And it was, until I read the book called the "Solar Revolution," where it says that within one hour we receive enough sunlight to provide the world with enough electricity for an entire year. One hour. And since then, I realized I just want to focus on solar. Scientists all over the world have been focusing on making solar panels more efficient and cheaper. So the price of solar has dropped enormously. And this is because China started producing them on a large scale. And also their efficiency has increased a lot. They now even have an efficiency of 44.5 percent.

But if you think about the image of solar cells, it's kind of stayed the same for the last 60 years. It's still this technology just stacked onto something. And solar cells need to be much better integrated into our environment. Climate change is the biggest problem of our time. And we can't rely on the others -- the government, the engineers -- to make positive changes. We all can contribute towards change.

Like I said, I'm a designer and I would like to change things through design. Let me give you some examples of my work. I'm collaborating with Swarovski, the crystal company. And if you cut crystals in a certain way, you are able to bend and direct the light onto a certain place. So I use these crystals to focus the light onto a solar panel, making them more efficient, but using aesthetics. So you take the solar crystal with you in the light, there's a battery in the solar cell, you put it in a docking station and you are able to power these chandeliers. So you're literally bringing the light indoors.

I got completely hooked on solar when I came across this technology called dye-sensitized solar cells, colored solar cells, and they are based on photosynthesis in plants. Where the green chlorophyll converts light into sugar for plants, these cells convert light into electricity. The best thing is, they even work indoors. So different colors have different efficiency, depending on their place on the color spectrum. So, for example, red is more efficient than blue. So if I hear this as a designer: a colored surface, a glass colored surface, color that's mostly just used for aesthetics, now gets an extra function and is able to harvest electricity, I think, where can we apply this, then?

This is the Current Table, where the whole tabletop consists of these colored solar cells. There are batteries in the legs where you can charge your phone through USB ports. And in my work, it's always very important, the balance between efficiency and aesthetics. So that's why the table is orange because it is a very stable color for indoors. And this is always the most asked question I get: "OK, great, but how many phones can I charge from this, then?" And before I go to this complicated answer of like, "Well, where is the table, does it have enough light, is it next to a window?" The table now has sensors that read the light intensity of the room. So, through an app we developed, you can literally follow how much light it's getting, and how full the battery is. I'm actually proud, because yesterday we installed a table at Stichting Doen's offices in Amsterdam and, right at this moment, our Queen Maxima is charging a phone from this table. It's cool.

So the more surface you have, the more energy you can harvest. These are Current Windows, where we replaced all windows in a gallery in London, in Soho, with this modern version of stained glass. So people from the street could come and charge their phones through the window ledges. So I'm giving extra functions to objects. A window doesn't have to be just a window anymore.

It can also function as a little power station. So, here I am, talking about how much I love solar, but I don't have solar panels on my roof. I live in the center of Amsterdam, I don't own the house, and it's a monument, so it's not possible and not allowed.

So how can you make solar cells more accessible and for everyone, and not only for the people that can afford a sustainable lifestyle? We now have the opportunity to integrate solar on the place where we directly need it. And there are so many amazing technologies out there. If I look around now, I see every surface as an opportunity. For example, I was riding in the train through the Westland, the area in the Netherlands with all the greenhouses. There I saw all this glass and thought, what if we integrate those with transparent solar glass? What if we integrate traditional farming that requires a lot of energy together with high-tech and combine those?

With this idea in mind, I created Power Plant. I had a team of architects and engineers, but let me first explain how it works. We use transparent solar glass to power its indoor climate. We use hydroponics that pumps around nutrified water, saving 90 percent of water usage. By stacking up in layers, you are able to grow more yield per square meter. Extra light, besides sunlight, coming from these colored LED lights also enhances plant growth. As more and more people will live in big cities, by placing Power Plants on the rooftops you don't have to fly it in from the other side of the world, you are able to grow it on the location itself. Well, the big dream is to build these in off-grid places -- where there's no access to water, electricity -- as an independent ecosystem.

For this year's Design Biennial, I created the first four-meter high model of the power plant, so you could come in and experience how plants grow. So it's a double harvest of sunlight, so both for the solar cells and for the plants. It's like a future botanical garden, where we celebrate all these modern technologies. And the biggest compliment I got was, "But where are the solar panels?" And that's when I think design really works, when it becomes invisible and you don't notice it.

I believe in solar democracy: solar energy for everyone, everywhere. My aim is to make all surfaces productive. I want to build houses where all the windows, curtains, walls, even floors are harvesting electricity. Think about this on a big scale: in cities, there are so many surfaces. The sun is still available for everyone. And by integrating solar on the place where we need it, we now have the opportunity to make solar cells accessible for everyone. I want to bring solar close to the people with you, but beautiful and well designed.

Thank you.  ~Marjan Van Aubel

I love it when the wonderful ideas I am given start showing up in the marketplace. It truly is Hope for the Future.  ~Sandy Penny,

Check out my new magazine:

 Houston Spirituality Magazine

Saturday, June 7, 2014

The Future is in The Air

I was shown many new technology ideas years ago, and I was told that cars would imitate plants and to look to the natural world for the ways to make clean technologies that would increase our power without damaging the planet. This looks exactly like one of those I saw in meditation. I love seeing them show up.

Phinergy Powers Car Using Metal, Air, and Water

Phinergy is a leading developer of breakthrough zero-emission, high energy-density systems based on metal-air energy technologies. The company’s primary focus is on aluminum-air and zinc-air batteries. Unlike conventional batteries that carry oxygen, these batteries freely breathe oxygen from the ambient air to release the energy contained in metals.

Phinergy's technologies offer significant advantages including:
  • Ultra High energy density
  • Zero CO2 emissions
  • Fully recyclable materials
  • Safety
  • Competitive cost

The Company’s Aluminum-Air battery system has been successfully integrated into an electric vehicle resulting in more than three times the driving range of current EVs.

Phinergy's technology provides energy solutions to a wide range of applications including:
  • Transportation
  • Stationary energy storage
  • Aerospace and defense
  • Consumer electronics
  • Chlorine production 

Watch this amazing demonstration and explanation of the technology.


Metal-air technology has been at the forefront of energy research for years, due to its enormous energy potential.
Phinergy's technological breakthroughs allow it to efficiently utilize this potential for various applications, outperforming conventional batteries.

A conventional battery consists of an anode and a cathode, where the cathode takes up to 70% of the battery’s weight. The cathode is used as a container for a reactant (e.g. Oxygen), usually up to 5% of its weight, that is required for releasing the energy in a metal anode. The result is that most of a conventional battery’s weight is poorly utilized.

Conventional Battery

A metal-air battery features an air-electrode that breathes oxygen from ambient air, instead of the conventional cathode. That is, the battery consumes the required oxygen from the air, rather than having heavy materials that bound oxygen inside it. Metal-air batteries therefore have a huge potential for delivering high capacity with low weight.
Metal-air Battery

Phinergy Energy Home Site

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Primary Water . Hope for the Future by Sandy Penny

 Primary Water . Another Hope for the Future by Sandy Penny

Many scientists are predicting water wars and shortages, but the solution to this problem is already available and provided by the earth system that is already in place. I was shown that earthquakes during this shift time would release new sources of water, and now that is happening. Lake are instantly appearing in normally desert areas. 

Most people have never heard of primary water, but it is pure water, H2O, that is chemically produced by the earth deep inside and stored in crystal domes as part of the cooling system of the planet. The domes have fissures that become little underground streams that run through the rocky layers in the earth and get mineralized, making them better for human consumption. 

Once again, the dowsers have known about this water and located it for years, but we have just now developed technologies that can find it and drill deep enough to bring it to the surface. The good news is, because of the pressure of the domes, the water tends to come to the surface on its own, like when you hit a hydrocarbon pocket, and like mother’s milk, the more you use, the more the earth produces replacement water. You only drill into the small streams and not the domes though because the pressure would cause an explosion and lose too much water. This water is not related to the groundwater and aquifers we currently use, and it is not dependent on rainwater or ocean water. Old Faithful geyser is an example of primary water that does not deplete.
Bill Cox was the premier dowser and driller for primary water. He died last year, and now his work is becoming more public. I like to think he’s promoting this from the other side. One of his most famous projects was Lake Elsinore, California. When it was going dry, he located a primary water source below the lake, and refilled the lake which has had no additional problems with its levels since then. Here’s an interview with Bill Cox regarding new water for humanity: There are several segments to the interview, but it’s very enlightening. 

Geologist Pal Pauer dowsed, found and helped drill for primary water in Kenya in March 2011. Southeastern Africa is dotted with villages like this one where the annual rainfall is less than 10 inches per year. People have to walk miles to tote water back to their homes daily, and spend hours sanitizing it before use. On this recent trip, Pal successfully drilled a total of six wells that are bringing in over 2,000 gallons per minute. Water is truly life. Primary water is water that is not part of the hydrological cycle and has never seen the light of day. Fortunately, primary water can be located below deserts and in areas where there is little rainfall. Here’s the video of that water project coming to fruition:!

If these two major problems of water and energy can be solved with technologies already available, what else can we do if we put our minds and hearts together? Truly, there is hope for the world.

Water Splitting by Sandy Penny

Hope for the Future: Water Splitting
By Sandy Penny . July 2012

“The Future Belongs to Those who Believe in the Beauty of their Dreams.” - Eleanor Roosevelt

Many say the optimists are naive Pollyannas who can’t see what’s going on in the world. I say the pessimists can’t see what’s going on in the world. If we allow the fear-based negativity to take over our lives, we cannot create the new world that futurists say is possible. In honor of what’s good in the world, I’d like to call attention to some of the latest technological and social developments that say we’re moving in the right direction. So, I've created this blog to share the insights I get and the manifestations that show up.

About 10 years ago, I asked in meditation how we could solve the energy crisis without destroying the world. I was told to look at the plants. They use photosynthesis to create themselves from air, water and light. Cars and houses can be run the same way. I didn’t understand how that could work, but I was confident that someone would. I asked a few technologists and engineers about it, but no one had any insight at that time. 

Water Splitting . Hope for the Future

Last year, I was perusing Youtube videos and came across one from MIT detailing the solution to the world’s energy problems in the next ten years. A small water bottle could run your entire house and an Olympic size swimming pool could provide enough energy to run the whole world. Water splitting is the process. It uses photosynthesis to split the water molecule and make the hydrogen available as fuel. It uses such a small amount of water that it defeats the objections that water shortages will prevent the use of hydro-powered options. It also solves the battery storage problem as it is constantly available and needs no battery. 

As soon as I saw the video, I knew this was what I had been shown but didn’t understand. As is often the case, the idea is already fully formed before the inventors create the physical representation of it.
Here’s the link to the video explanation from MIT, Dr. Dan Nocera, “Personalized Energy”: